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NGO Corner


(International Association of Hydrological Sciences)

IAHS at the Intergovernmental Council for the International Hydrological Programme

IAHS participated actively in the Twelfth Session of the Intergovernmental Council of the IHP in September 1996. The Association was represented by its President, Dr John Rodda, its Vice President, Dr Pierre Hubert and Dr Abel Afouda who was representing the newly formed Association of African Hydrologists. IAHS is now actively involved in 15 or more of the projects and sub-projects within the IHP-V framework indicating the great importance the Association attaches to this Programme. Many of the projects fit within the framework of the 5th IAHS Scientific Assembly, strongly supported by UNESCO, to be held at Rabat, Morocco, from 23 April - 3 May 1997.

The International Hydrology Prize 1996

The meeting of the Intergovernmental Council for IHP was preceded by the Third UNESCO / IAHS George Kovacs Colloquium where Professor Desmond Midgley of South Africa was awarded the International Hydrology Prize by Dr Rodda. The Prize is awarded jointly by UNESCO, WMO and IAHS. The citation included the following text:

Professor Desmond Midgley

"Professor Desmond C. Midgley was born in Durban and educated at Hilton College. He graduated BSC Civil (Engineering) at the University of Natal in 1934 and in 1957 was awarded a Doctorate for a thesis on the Surface Water Resources of South Africa. In 1986 he was awarded an Honorary DSc (Eng) by the University of Witwatersrand.

He served 21 years in various divisions of the Department of Irrigation (now Water Affairs), interrupted by four years active service during World War II (mentioned in dispatches).

In 1956 he was appointed to the chair of hydraulic engineering at the University of Witwatersrand. Following the disastrous 1959 floods in Natal he set up a research team which later became the Hydrological Research Unit (HRU). Under his direction the HRU published design manuals on flood hydrology in the 1970s and on water resources assessment in 1969 and updated in 1981. Mathematical models in wide variety were developed in the Unit for simulating the behaviour of river catchments, lakes, swamps, estuaries and flood plains, as well as salinity fluctuations in various hydrological systems. Pertinent among these is the well-known Pitman Catchment Model. The publications of the HRU have been well received in many parts of the world and are widely referred to in South Africa. In many ways Professor Midgley must be regarded as the "Father of Hydrological Modelling" in South Africa.

Professor Midgley served for several years on the Prime Minister's Advisory Council and on the Water Research Commission. He was President of the South African Institution of Civil Engineers in 1968 and of the Associated Scientific and Technical Societies in 1974. He has received the Gold Medal Award of both bodies and was made an Honorary Fellow of the Civil Engineering Institution. He has for many years consulted in hydraulic engineering and hydrology for the mining houses, Eskom and Government departments and many consulting engineering firms.

Professor Midgley retired from the Chair of Hydraulic Engineering in 1977 but continued as full-time Director of the HRU until 1981 when he retired from the University and the Unit was disbanded. In 1982 he joined the consulting engineering firm, Watermeyer Legge Piesold & Uhlmann, as consultant, where he still practises.

In 1994 the Water Engineering Division of the SA Institution of Civil Engineers organised an international Symposium as a tribute to Professor Midgley, entitled "Fifty years of Water Engineering in South Africa".

Professor Midgley is currently project leader for the updating of Surface Water Resources of South Africa, the original 6-volume report which was completed under his direction in the Wits HRU. The current 5 year project is being undertaken by a consortium of three consulting firms Stewart Scott Inc., Steffen Robertson & Kirsten Inc. and Watermeyer Legge Pi‚sold & Uhlmann and is being financed by the Water Research Commission. The revised and updated survey was published during 1995 and comprises 7 volumes of text, data and information and 6 volumes of maps and GIS coverages.

The long years of South Africa's international isolation deprived Professor Midgley of many opportunities to develop an international profile. Nevertheless, Professor Midgley maintained international cross-pollination in the fields of hydrology and water resources engineering, by arranging and receiving visits from internationally renowned researchers, academics and practitioners in these fields and by serving as editorial panellist for a number of international journals.

Professor Midgley has been an exemplary exponent of applying basic hydrological principles to address real-world issues in a

water-scarce environment such as that of southern Africa. He has a gift for reconciling the requirements of a site-specific hydrological study with regional hydrological patterns and trends. His vision that the immense spatial variability of rainfall-runoff conditions in the catchments of the southern African subcontinent can and must be overcome, has inspired the many post-graduate students, researchers and young water engineers who has benefited from his mentorship during the past four decades."

Forthcoming IAHS meetings

HeadWater '98: Headwater Control IV; Hydrology, Water Resources and Ecology in Headwaters, Merano, Italy, 20-23 April 1998

The Conference will be convened jointly by The European Academy, The Standing Committee on Headwater Control (SCHC) and IAHS and will be a contribution to UNESCO IHP-V. It will provide an international forum for the evaluation of alternative land management, environmental protection and land reclamation practices and policies.

The following themes will be considered: Monitoring; Processes; Modelling; Management. Within each theme the following aspects will be treated: Hydrology; Ecology; Socio-economic aspects; Interdisciplinary approaches.

Oral and poster presentations will be considered. The deadline for receipt of abstracts is 28 February 1997. Further information may be obtained from the Conference Secretariat: HeadWater '98, c/o European Academy, Weggensteinstrasse 12/A, I-39100 Bozen/Bolzano, Italy; tel.: +39 47 1306111; fax: +39 47 1306099; email: HeadWater98@ms.sinfo.interbusiness.it

International Symposium on Modelling Soil Erosion, Sediment Transport and Closely Related Hydrological Processes Vienna, Austria, 13-17 July 1998

The Symposium, organised by ICCE and UNESCO, will consider soil erosion and sediment transport as an integrated part of various basin processes. It will focus on recent modelling techniques and methodologies and their advances, ranging from empirical grey-box types and stochastic approaches to physically based modelling. Papers will be welcomed which examine techniques and methodologies used in soil erosion and non-point source pollution prediction as well as in river sediment transport. Major themes include:

Abstracts of 200 to 500 words should be submitted by 15 May 1997 to the Organising Committee:

Dr. Wolfgang Summer,
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Davis, CA 95615, USA; fax: +1 916 7522385;
e-mail: wsummer@ucdavis.edu

For more information on IAHS activities please contact IAHS Secretary General:

Dr. G. J. Young, Department of Geography,
Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, NFL 3C5, Ontario, Canada.
E-mail: 44iahs@mach1.wlu.ca;

Fax: +1 519 846 0968;
Tel: +1 519 884 1970, or visit the IAHS Homepage: http://www.wlu.ca/~wwwiahs/index.html


(International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage)

Sixteenth ICID World Congress on Irrigation and Drainage

The sixteenth ICID World Congress on Irrigation and Drainage inaugurated by Egypt's Deputy Premier and Minister for Agriculture, Dr. Youssuf Wali, on behalf of H.E. Prime Minister of Egypt, was held in Cairo from 18-22 September 1996, in which over 900 delegates from some fifty-six countries and thirteen international organisations participated. An ICID-FAO Special Session on Water Development and Food Security was held at the same time to provide input to the World Food Summit in November 1996. During this event a special ministerial meeting of Ministers of Irrigation, Water Resources and Agriculture was inaugurated by H.E. Dr. Mohd. Elgamarawi, Hon. Minister, Government of Egypt, and attended by twenty-five Ministers, Deputy Ministers or their representatives.. Dr. Ismail Serageldin, Vice President, Environmentally Sustainable Development, World Bank delivered the keynote address.

The Eighth International Exhibition on Irrigation and Drainage was also held during this period. Poster presentations of twenty-four technical papers were organised during the Congress for the first time. ICID has recently introduced two awards for young professionals (below 40 years of age) for the best papers. The N.D. Gulhati Memorial International Award (with a prize of US$1,500 and a citation) for the best paper contributed to the ICID Congress was presented to Ms. Margreet Z. Zwarteveen for her paper entitled `A pilot of one's own: gender relations and irrigated land allocation policies in Burkina Faso'. The annual Dr. Hassan Ismail Memorial International Award (with a prize of US$1,000) for the best paper related to irrigation and drainage issues in Africa was presented to Mr. Amin El-Shorbagy (Egypt) for his paper `Environmental-oriented water related projects appraisal', written jointly with Mr. Ali Sharifi.

Prior to the Congress, ICID's International Executive Council elected Mr. Aly M. Shady (Canada), Senior Policy Advisor, CIDA as the new President of ICID and Mr. C. Storsbergen (The Netherlands), Mr. Javad Farhoudi (Iran) and Dr. Ing. Wolfram Dirksen (Germany) as Vice-Presidents of ICID for the term 1996-1999.

Four new countries namely, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Ukraine and Tanzania were admitted as members of ICID. Workshops on Evaluation of Performance of Sub-Surface Drainage Systems; Sustainable Agricultural Development, Environmental Protection and the Role of Women; Managing Environmental Models; and Watsave were held. The workshop on Watsave was attended by more than 200 delegates.

ICID - Cairo Statement

The International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID), at the end of its sixteenth World Congress held in Cairo from 18-22 September 1996 issued a Statement encouraging its members to strive to meet the challenges which lie ahead for increasing food production and rural wealth to ensure food and water security under conditions of natural variability in supply and climate change. The Statement outlines ICID activities for the coming years which attempt to promote globally the formulation of sound policies in the larger macro-economic and social aspects. The issues highlighted in the Statement include paying particular attention to the environmental, technical, financial, economic and social aspects of sustainability of irrigation and drainage systems ; promotion of decentralisation in planning and management of irrigation systems with community involvement; recognition of women's role in farming activities and enhancement of their skills in land and water management; increase in effective irrigation through timely corrective action with regard to the rehabilitation and modernisation of systems; reclamation of waterlogged and salinized lands; implementation of plans for integrated development of irrigation and development of surface and ground water resources; and improvement of access to water by poor farmers by ensuring equity in water distribution for alleviating rural poverty.

Eighteenth European Regional Conference, ICID, Oxford, England, 8-12 September 1997

The theme for the Eighteenth European Regional Conference of ICID hosted by the ICID British National Committee is `Water - An Economic Good?' A call for papers inviting papers on the following topics has been issued: value of water for irrigation; value of drainage and flood control; social and environmental value of water; paying for services; demand management for efficient and equitable use; and legal and institutional options.



New telephone and fax numbers for the Secretariat as of 1 September 1996:

Telephone (general): +31-15-285.8585;
Direct lines: +31-15-285.8526
Marjorie Keuning, Executive Secretary;
+31-15-285.8819 - Cheryl van der Zee, Assistant Executive Secretary/Assistant Editor; +31-15-285.8557 - Jolien Mans, Membership and subscriptions;
+31-15-285.8460 - Wil Dumay, Fianances.

Telefax: +31-15-285.8582

You can also reach us at our e-mail address: iahr@wldelft.nl.

An IAHR homepage was designed last Spring, available under http://www.iahr.nl.

IAHR European Graduate School of Hydraulics - Initiative of the Section on Continuing Education and Training

Our newly formed Section on Continuing Education and Training is pursuing, among other tasks, the idea of a European Graduate School of Hydraulics. It is intended to develop a network of continuing education short courses at research institutions and universities within Europe during the three year period 1997 to 1999.

The basic idea of the European Graduate School of Hydraulics (EGH) initiative was presented and discussed during the London Congress in September 1995, and active participating responses were received from forty institutions and universities in seventeen European countries.

A first meeting of the prospective EGH partners was held on 24 June 1996, at the University of Stuttgart, Germany. The participants discussed the general framework and goals of EGH and focused on the steps for its implementation. It was agreed that a pragmatic approach should be taken, starting with a series of pilot courses in 1997, in parallel to the evolution of a complete framework and programme for EGH for the following years.

Nine individual pilot courses scheduled for 1997 will be offered by various institutions and will provide first experiences parallel to the further structuring and formulation of a correlated programme, which is envisaged to cover a wide variety of specialized courses in a common structure.

EGH should function as an umbrella for the benefit of all partners, channelling and co-ordinating individual activities with a minimum of administration, maintaining a maximum of freedom and responsibility for the various course organisers, but providing quality assurance for the activities. Irrespective of co-ordination by EGH, full responsibility for the course lies with the course organisers (for contents, finances, arrangements and special announcements).

The EGH initiative is part of a project of ETNET-WATER (European Thematic Network of Education and Training for WATER) which will be partially funded by the European Commission. For an initial period of one year, partial support at a very modest level has recently been granted by the EU.

Courses within the EGH framework will normally be taught in English, and address graduate students, post-graduates and practising engineers. A classification of the courses (theory and fundamentals, methods and applications) and a grouping of the courses according to the following main group topics is intended:

The goal is to offer courses at a high academic level and to assure an appropriate quality control of the courses. Successful participation, proven by a final examination, will be acknowledged by an IAHR certificate. A draft course calendar for 1998 and a draft co-operation agreement are under preparation.

The second meeting of the network partners, which will address the questions of development, frame and structure of EGH, has been scheduled for Friday/Saturday, 18-19 April 1997 in Brussels, Belgium, hosted by Prof. Van der Beken.

The EGH activities and initiatives EGH are being co-ordinated during the initial phase by the Institut für Wasserbau, Universität Stuttgart, Germany. All interested IAHR members are invited to join either as active or as passive EGH network partners. For further information, please contact:

Dr. Hermann Lensing,
Institut f. Wasserbau, Universität Stuttgart
Pfaffenwaldring 61, D-70550 Stuttgart, Germany
Tel. +49-711-685-7014, Fax. +49-711-685-7020
e-mail: hoerby@iws.uni-stuttgart.de

Calendar of Pilot Courses 1997

The following list gives titles, dates and places of the planned pilot courses for the year 1997, as far as presently known. Several other courses for 1997 are still in preparation (to be announced later). A leaflet containing short descriptions of all these courses can be obtained from Dr. H. Lensing, Stuttgart, at the address given above. For more specific information about the individual courses, the respective organisers should be contacted.

Numerical modelling of multiphase flow and transport processes, 3-7 March 1997, Universität Stuttgart, Germany

5-day course, fee DM 1,000; reduction for students and network partners

Contact: Dr.-Ing. Rainer Helmig, Institut f. Wasserbau, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 61, D-70550 Stuttgart, Germany.

Tel. +49-711-685-7014, Fax. +49-711-685-7020; http://www.uni-stuttgart.de/uniuser/iws

Concepts of geostatistics and stochastic modelling, 10-13 March 1997, Universität Stuttgart, Germany

4-day course, fee DM 750;

Contact: Prof. Dr..-Ing. András Bárdossy, Institut f. Wasserbau, Universität Stuttgart,
Pfaffenwaldring 61, D-70550 Stuttgart, Germany.
Tel. +49-711-685-4663, Fax. +49-711-685-4746; http://www.uni-stuttgart.de/uniuser/iws

The use of artificial intelligence in engineering, 17 - 21 March 1997, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

5-day course, fee ECU 600; reduction for network partners

Contact: Boris Kompare, Ph.D., Civ. Engr., e-mail: bkompare@fagg.uni-lj.si or Franci Steinmann, Ph.D., Civ.Engr.,

e-mail: fsteinma@fagg.uni-lj.si , University of Ljubljana, Fac. for Civ. Eng. and Geodesy, Dept. of Hydroengineering, Hajdrihova 28, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Fax: +386-61-219-897

Grundlagen der Turbulenzmodellierung

7 - 10 April 1997, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany

(Principles of turbulence modelling course lectures in German)

4-day course; fee DM 900 + VAT; 50% reduction for 2nd and further participation from the same university

Contact: Dr. J. Jovanovic, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Lehrstuhl für Strömungsmechanik, Cauerstr. 4, 91058 Erlangen, Germany.

Engineering hydrology

2-6 June 1997, University of Athens, Greece

5-day course; fee 50,000 Drachmen

Contact: Prof. Koutsoyiannis, National Technical University of Athens, Fac. of Civil Engineering, 42 Patission Str., Athens 10682, Greece.
Tel.: +30-1-389-1209; Fax. +30-1-382-6792

Hydropower engineering

9-13 June 1997, University of Athens, Greece

5-day course, fee 50,000 Drachmen

Contact: Prof. E.C. Kalkani, National Technical University of Athens, Fac. of Civil Engineering, 42 Patission Str., Athens 10682, Greece.
Tel.: +30-1-389-1209; Fax. +30-1-382-6792

Regulation of small rivers and torrents

7-12 July 1997, University of Trento, Italy

6-day course, fee 200,000 Lire; reduction negotiable

Contact: Prof. Aronne Armanini, University of Trento, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Via Mesiano 77, 38050 Trento, Italy.
Tel: +39 461 882669; Fax.: +39 461 882672

Flood hydraulics and sediment transport

15-26 September 1997 The University of Glasgow, UK

two week course, fee [[sterling]]500; alternatively each week can be attended separately at a cost of [[sterling]] 300/week

Contact: Drs. D.A. Ervine and G. Pender, University of Glasgow, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Rankine Building, Glasgow G12 8 LT, UK.
Tel.: +44 141 339 885; Fax: +44 141 330 4557, e-mail: a.ervine@civil.gla.ac.uk or g.pender@civil.gla.ac.uk

River and waterways engineering for inland navigation, 6-10 October 1997, Universität Hanover, Germany

5-day course, fee DM 920; (50% reduction for students)

Contact: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Claus Zimmermann, Universität Hannover, Franzius-Institut f. Wasserbau und Küsteningenieurwesen, Nienburger Str. 4, 30167 Hannover, Germany.
Tel.: +49 511 762-2572; Fax.: +49 511 762-4002;
e-mail: franzius@fi.uni-hannover.de

27th IAHR Biennial Congress "Water For a Changing Global Community" San Francisco, USA, 10-15 August 1997

The 27th Biennial Congress of the International Association for Hydraulic Research (IAHR) will be held at San Francisco's Hyatt Regency Embarcadero Hotel from 10-15 August 1997.

Thirty years have elapsed since the last IAHR Congress in the USA (Ft. Collins, Colorado). In commemoration of this anniversary, ASCE's newly re-organised Water Resources Engineering Division will host the 27th Congress in San Francisco, in lieu of holding its own annual Speciality Conference. The 27th Congress will thus provide a special and unique opportunity for North American and international colleagues to share experiences, challenges, and opportunities in hydraulic research and engineering.

The Congress Local Organising Committee is being led by Forrest M. Holly Jr. (University of Iowa); Hsieh Wen Shen (University of California, Berkeley); Phil Burgi (U.S. Bureau of Reclamation); Patrick Ryan (Bechtel Corporation); and Adnan Alsaffar (Bechtel Corporation).

The Congress Theme and Technical Programme are designed to attract engineers, researchers, educators, and public officials in hydroscience and fluids engineering.

The general theme of the Congress is:
<<Water for a Changing Global Community>>. The four sub-themes and associated topics, including Speciality Seminar topics, are described in the Call for Papers. In addition, the programme will feature the John F. Kennedy Student Paper Competition, the IAHR Ippen Award Lecture, ASCE Award lectures (including the new Ven Te Chow hydrologic engineering award), and several special keynote speeches. Inaugural End-User Forums and Technical Workshops will provide the opportunity for exchanges among practitioners and researchers in hydroscience and water-resource engineering. A "Union Square" IAHR family meeting and discussion will build on the inaugural "Hyde Park Corner" held at the London congress. A continuous Technical Exhibition of products and services will be held. Pre-Congress tours include Napa/Sonoma Valleys and Russian River, and Monterey Bay /Carmel. Technical Visits during the Congress include San Francisco Bay Model and Muir Woods; Restoration of Tidal Wetlands, San Francisco Bay; University of California at Berkeley and San Joaquin Delta Levee Erosion; and Stanford University and Ground Water Remediation Sites. Post-Congress tours include Coastal California, Cooling Water Systems and Pumping Plants; Columbia River Fish Handling Facilities; Yosemite National Park; Palm Springs; Las Vegas and Grand Canyon; and Northern California Tour. Social events include the President's Reception, Congress Banquet, and an optional Dinner Cruise on San Francisco Bay. The Accompanying Guest programme includes a San Francisco City Tour, a daily Hospitality Room, and optional daily excursions to points of interest in San Francisco and surrounding areas.

The basic Congress registration fee for IAHR members (before 1 July 1997) is $495 U.S. Non-member,on-site, and daily registration fees will be given later. Student registration is $50 U.S.

Overall theme: Water for a Changing Global Community


A) Managing Water - Coping with Scarcity and Abundance.


a) The future of irrigated agriculture;

b) Large scale and multinational river basin management;

c) Managing of water storage and movement;

d) Coping with uncertainty in water-resource management;

B) Environmental and Coastal Hydraulics - Protecting the Aquatic Habitat


a) Transport and mixing processes in turbulent flows;

b) Contaminant releases to the aquatic and atmospheric environment;

c) Restoration and rehabilitation of coastal and inland habitats;

d) Advances in physical/computational modelling and field monitoring;

e) Water-atmosphere-structure interactions;

f) Morphological and sedimentation processes in river hydraulics.

C) Ground Water - An Endangered Resource.


a) Groundwater flow and transport processes;

b) Stochastic groundwater hydrology;

c) Ground water remediation;

d) Ground water quantity and quality management.

D) Energy and Water - Sustainable Development


a) Design, management, operation and maintenance of hydropower facilities and systems;

b) Management of ice and sediment in hydropower operations;

c) Safety and rehabilitation of hydropower facilities;

d) Coexistence of hydropower and fish;

e) Alternative technologies for energy generation from fluids.

The sub themes will be complemented by the following tentative seminars:

S1) Multidirectional waves and their interaction with structures;

S2) Modelling of turbulent flows;

S3) Wind energy and wind flow around structures;

S4) Continuing education and training;

S5) Management of hydraulic research;

S6) Hydroinformatics for control, management, and risk assessment.

Students with a University (or equivalent) registration may submit papers for consideration at any time during the period 1995-97 for the John F. Kennedy Student Paper Competition. Papers must follow the same preparation guidelines as regular technical papers, and may be on any topic appropriate to IAHR.

For further information please contact:

F.M. Holly Jr.
Chair, Local Organising Committee
27th IAHR Congress
Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research
The University of Iowa
Iowa City, IA 52242
tel: +1-319-335-5229
or +1-319-384-0596
fax: 335-5238 or 335-5660

e-mail: fmholly@icaen.uiowa.edu


HABITAT II - United Nations Conference on Human Settlements, Istanbul, Turkey, 3-14 June 1996

Prof. Janusz Niemczynowicz of Lund University, Sweden, took part as a panellist on behalf of IHP in the HABITAT II Dialogue `Water for Thirsty Cities' on 6 June 1996. HABITAT thanks him and the Swedish funding agency which financed his trip.

IHP contributed to the UN publication stand at the conference by providing a selection of IHP popularised documents for distribution.

IHP is planning to publish a new version of the UNESCO publication `Water and the City', originally issued in 1983; an abridged version has appeared in the UNESCO periodical Nature and Resources (Vol. 32, No.2, 1996). The original author, Professor Gunnar Lindh, of Lund University Sweden who is now retired has been joined by Mr. Wilfried Gilbrich, Dipl.Ing, former IHP staff member, as co-author for the new version. This is also a contribution to the water theme of HABITAT II.

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