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IAHS

(International Association of Hydrological Sciences)

IAHS is preparing for a number of symposia and conferences, the most significant being the IAHS Scientific Assembly in Rabat, Morocco, 1997 and the General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics to be held in Birmingham, UK in 1999. The following is a listing of events to be organized or sponsored by IAHS as contributions to IHP:

IRTCES

(International Research and Training Center on Erosion and Sedimentation)

International Seminar and Symposium on Sabo Engineering (ISSE-1995)

The International Seminar and Symposium on Sabo Engineering (ISSE-1995) was organized by the Sabo Technical Centre (STC), Directorate General of Water Resources Development, Ministry of Public Works of Indonesia in co-operation with the Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA) in Yogyakarta, Indonesia from 6-9 November 1995.

The theme of ISSE-1995 was `Comprehensive Countermeasure Against Sediment Related Disaster.'

More than 130 participants from 6 international organizations and 14 countries attended the Symposium, and six special papers and 15 country papers were presented by speakers from international organizations and nine from disaster prone countries. Ms. Yang Xiaoqing, Deputy Secretary General of IRTCES presented a special paper entitled `Information on Sediment-related Issues, and Landslides and Reservoir Sedimentation in China'.

The ISSE is a series of symposiums on SABO engineering. The first two were held in January 1994 and March 1995 in Yogjakarta, Indonesia and Kathmandu, Nepal respectively. During ISSE-1995, a Network of Co-operation was organized to promote co-operation and exchange of information between the sediment-related disaster-prone countries.

Sixth International Symposium on River Sedimentation

The Sixth ISRS organized by the Central Board of Irrigation and Power (CBIP), India was held from 7-ll November 1995 in New Delhi under the patronage of IRTCES, the permanent secretariat for ISRS.

The central theme of the Symposium was `Management of sediment - philosophy, aims and techniques' with six topics:

A total of approximately 150 people from 23 countries participated in the Symposium. Mr. V.P. Shimpi delivered the presidential address, and Mr. Tan Ying, Secretary General of IRTCES, gave the key note address entitled: `River Sedimentation and Floods in China'. About 80 participants made their presentations during the technical sessions.

The proceedings of the Sixth ISRS, containing 114 papers, was published by Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt.Ltd.

At the closing ceremony, Professor J.H.W. Lee, Hong Kong University, received the ISRS banner from Mr. C.V.J. Varma, Member Secretary of CBIP. The next International Symposium on River Sedimentation will be held in Hong Kong in 1998, with the central theme `Environmental and sediment engineering' covering three topics:

ICID

(International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage)

Preparations for the 47th International Executive Council meeting and 16th World Congress on Irrigation and Drainage of ICID to be held in Cairo, Egypt, from 15-22 September 1996 are being finalised. The World Congress with the theme `Sustainability of Irrigated Agriculture' will provide a forum for experts from countries all over the world to discuss the issues of global importance and exchange their views and experiences on the current water-related problems.

The following topics will be discussed: `Farmers participation towards sustainable irrigated agriculture'and `Irrigation planning and management: measures in harmony with the environment'. Additionally, a special session on the theme `The future of irrigation under increased demand from competitive uses of water and greater needs for food supply', a Symposium on `Management information systems in irrigation and drainage'and Workshops on:

will also be organized.

The 17th ICID World Irrigation Congress on the theme `Water for agriculture in the next millennium' will be held in Granada, Spain, in 1999. The Congress topics will be as follows:

A special session on `Sustainable use of poor quality water'

and a symposium on the theme `Irrigated agriculture constraints - future role of crop diversification'.

IHA

(International Hydropower Association)

Prof.Dr. Techn Dr. hc mult. E. Mosonyi photo

Prof.Dr. Techn Dr. hc mult. E. Mosonyi

International Hydropower Association formed in Paris

The International Hydropower Association was formed on 16 November 1995 in Paris, in response to a need, expressed frequently in the last decade, for the creation of an international body to exchange and enhance knowledge on various aspects of hydropower, and to tackle the most important issues affecting the profession.

The IHA is a multidisciplinary body which will work to increase awareness of the role hydropower can play in sustainable development. It will promote hydro development which is planned and implemented in an environmentally sustainable way, and encourage research and good engineering practice in this field.

It is widely recognized that hydropower is the most important renewable energy source, and vast potential remains to be exploited, especially in the areas of the world which have the most acute need for electricity to improve the quality of life, and to build up developing economies. As the Hydropower & Dams World Atlas (H&D Issue 1, 1996) shows, the world has undeveloped technically and economically feasible hydro potential equivalent to 8800 TWh/year. In Asia and South America, 80 per cent of the available potential remains to be developed, and in Africa the figure is as high as 93 per cent.

In view of progress in recent years in environmental impact assessment and mitigation, it is clear that carefully planned hydro schemes can have less damaging effects than alternative generating stations. However, investors, consultants, manufacturers and contractors in the field of hydropower report that they are meeting the same problems worldwide: complexity of financing, project delays, complex contractual arrangements, and environmental objections which are often based principally on a lack of knowledge or understanding.

During the international conference 'Hydropower into the Next Century', which took place in Barcelona in June 1995, the idea of creating the IHA was proposed, and was given a unanimous vote of support by the international audience, which represented utilities, consulting engineers, researchers and manufacturers from 40 countries.

As a result, a working group representing consulting practice, research and teaching, the manufacturing industry and utilities, met during August and September 1995 to define the framework of the Association, its specific objectives and immediate priorities. The IHA was then founded, on 16 November, at the offices of UNESCO, which is giving its full support to the organization.

Ms. A. Bartle photo

Ms. A. Bartle

At the first General Assembly of the Association, held in Paris, Prof. Dr. Techn Dr. hc mult.E. Mosonyi, the original proponent and principal founder of the Association, was elected President for the first two-year term. The first two Vice-Presidents, also elected for two years, are Prof. R. Lafitte of Switzerland, and Dr. H. Schweickert of Germany. The Board also includes: Prof. H. Brekke of Norway; Mr. G. Wedam of Austria; and, Ms. A. Bartle and Mr. R.M. Taylor of the UK (who will also be the Executive-Secretary/Treasurers). Hydropower & Dams was chosen as the official journal of the Association, and the Secretariat will be based at the offices of Aqua~Media International in the UK.

The President is now inviting founding, sustaining, corporate and invidual members to join the Association. Full details of membership fees are available from the Secretariat: International Hydropower Association, Westmead House, Westmead Road, Sutton, Surrey SM1 4JH, UK. Fax: +44 181 643 8200.

Priorities for the work of the IHA

Seven main areas of activity have been identified for the initial work of the IHA. Permanent Committees are therefore being formed, representing each of these areas, which will be headed by experts in each of the fields. The Committees will set up Working Groups for the specific tasks to be undertaken, comprising experts from the relevant disciplines. The seven topics, which in effect form the main pillars of the Association's work, are:

Mr. R. M. Taylor photo

Mr. R. M. Taylor

IAWQ

(International Association on Water Quality)

The International Association on Water Quality is an international membership organization for professionals in the water industry, with a mission to advance the science and practice of water quality management and water pollution control worldwide. The Association works towards this by facilitating information exchange through publications, conferences and workshops, and Specialist Groups. The scope of interests within the Association has been broadened considerably over the last few years and IAWQ activities now cover: control of pollutants at source; treatment processes; effects of pollution on receiving waters: water reuse: aquatic environmental restoration: and policy and management aspects of water quality. IAWQ operates through a Secretariat based in London.

A Home Page for the International Association on Water Quality (IAWQ) can now be viewed on the World Wide Web, via the Internet, at the following address: http://www.iawq.org.uk/

It provides information of interest to all water professionals on IAWQ publications, conferences, membership benefits and Specialist Groups. The service is updated regularly, ensuring that viewers receive the most accurate information on IAWQ events and activities.

WWC

(World Water Council)

The World Water Council is now official.

On 22 March 1996, World Water Day, the interim Board of Governors of the World Water Council met for the first time and unanimously approved the resolution to formally establish the World Water Council as a not-for-profit, non-political, non-sectarian, non-governmental organization.

Dr. Mahmoud Abu-Zeid, Chairman of the interim Board of Governors was authorized to

  1. take appropriate and immediate action to operationalize the World Water Council;

  2. proceed to establish the location of the Permanenct Secretariat and Outposted Centres;

  3. appoint an Honorary Executive Director

The 34 member interim Board of Governors included eminent personalities and representatives from all regions of the world, as well as major organizations involved in water issues.

The interim board also included representatives of the Founding Member Organizations, namely:

United Nations Organizations were represented by UNDP, UNESCO and UNEP.

Geographic regions represented on the interim Board of Governors included:

The interim Board of Governors discussed and approved a number of items including, inter alia:

The interim Board of Governors will meet again in July 1996, in Granada, Spain to finalize the operationalization of the World Water Council prior to the meeting of the General Assembly.

What is the World Water Council?

<<The World Water Council is a not-for-profit, non-governmental, non-political and non-sectarian organization>>. It serves as a neutral, independent forum on water issues for the members and through them the world community. Where possible, the World Water Council will rely on existing institutions and plans to work synergistically with them to identify and fill existing gaps. It aims to cover all water issues irrespective of national boundaries, political divisions and stages of development.

The mission of the World Water Council is to:

<<Promote awareness about critical water issues at all levels including the highest decision-making level and the general public, and to facilitate the efficient conservation, protection, development, planning, management and use of water on a sustainable basis for the benefit of all life on this earth.>>

To achieve this mission, the World Water Council shall:

Membership

Membership is open to all entities interested in furthering the objectives of the World Water Council and shall include national and international institutions, government agencies, private and public agencies and firms, non-governmental organizations, charitable foundations, United Nations bodies, municipalities, research, academic, scientific and professional organizations.

The annual membership fee is US$1000.

Why a World Water Council?

The world's freshwater resources are facing serious challenges of global magnitude:

All of these challenges undermine the sustainability of life on Earth and its ecosystems.

Information

To obtain further information and a membership application form, please contact: Dr. M. Abu-Zeid, Chairman of the Interim Board of Governors of the World Water Council c/o National Water Research Centre, Shoubra El-Kheima, Cairo, 13411 Egypt, Phone: +20(2) 220-4360, Fax: +20(2) 220-8219


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